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Ice on rivers and lakes : a bibliographic essay

Water-Resources Investigations Report 77-95

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Abstract

Ice on rivers and lakes influences design and construction of structures, operation of shipping, flow and circulation, water quality, and other factors related to the use of water. Interest in understanding these influences has led to many programs of data collection, research, and investigations for a century or more. The body of literature reporting on these studies includes several thousand items in textbooks, proceedings, journals, and technical reports. By far, the largest portion of the studies were in the United States, Canada, or the Soviet Union. The literature can be classified as dealing with basic characteristics of ice; freezing and melting processes and their prediction and control on rivers, and on lakes; effects of river and lake ice on navigation, flow, and structures; and influences of ice on chemical, biological, and thermal aspects of water quality. This bibliography cites 750 publications, but the body of literature is large and this bibliography is not exhaustive. It does provide, however, a cross section of the scope of work in the field. (Woodard-USGS)

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Ice on rivers and lakes : a bibliographic essay
Series title:
Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series number:
77-95
Edition:
-
Year Published:
1977
Language:
ENGLISH
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Division,
Description:
v, 173 p. ;27 cm.