Geohydrology of the Delta-Clearwater area, Alaska

Water-Resources Investigations Report 80-92



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The alluvial aquifer in the Delta-Clearwater area, Alaska, is composed of lenticular, interbedded deposits of silt, sand, and gravel. Ground water occurs under both confined and unconfined conditions in the area. The potentiometric surface slopes approximately northward at gradients ranging from about 1 to 25 feet per mile. The aquifer is recharge by seepage through the streambeds of rivers and creeks and by infiltration of precipitation. Water is discharged from the aquifer into the Clearwater Creek network and Clearwater Lake, which are almost entirely spring-fed, at the mouth of the Delta River, and into the Tanana River along the northern boundary of the study area. Year-round ground-water discharge from the aquifer is estimated to exceed 1,200 cubic feet per second. The following ground-water flow system is hypothesized: Channel losses from the Gerstle River, several small creeks draining the Alaska Range, and the Tanana River to the east of Clearwater Creek recharge the sections of the aquifer discharging at the Clearwater Creek network. Channel losses from the Delta River and Jarvis Creek are the main source of recharge to the sections of the aquifer discharging in the vicinity of Clearwater Lake and Big Delta. Additional work is needed to verify these hypotheses. (USGS)

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USGS Numbered Series
Geohydrology of the Delta-Clearwater area, Alaska
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Water-Resources Investigations Report
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U.S. Geological Survey,
iv, 26 p. :ill., maps ;28 cm.