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Trends in municipal-well installations and aquifer utilization in southeastern Minnesota, 1880-1980

Water-Resources Investigations Report 83-4222

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Abstract

Water distributed by municipal systems has been the largest use of water in southeastern Minnesota for the past 100 years. By 1980, groundwater supplied 294 of the 309 municipal systems in the area. The development of groundwater supplies for municipal use began around the 1880 's as an alternative to supplies from lakes and rivers. After about 4,500 Minnesotans died in typhoid epidemics from 1881 to 1900, deep wells became widely used to avoid comtaminated surface water. An inventory of 1,244 wells drilled for municipal systems from 1880 to 1980 has been completed. Of the five bedrock aquifers in the area, the Prairie du Chien-Jordan is the most extensively used with 537 municipal wells tapping it. Aquifer preference was analyzed to determine whether municipal wells were completed in the shallowest bedrock aquifer present in an area, in a deeper bedrock aquifer, or in a drift aquifer above the bedrock. Maps show the location of municipal wells and the aquifers in which they are completed for five time periods along with temporal aquifer preferences. The 1 ,244-well inventory lists the municipality, year well drilled, well depth, and aquifer completion by county. (USGS)

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Trends in municipal-well installations and aquifer utilization in southeastern Minnesota, 1880-1980
Series title:
Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series number:
83-4222
Edition:
-
Year Published:
1985
Language:
ENGLISH
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey,
Description:
iii, 102 p. :ill., maps ;28 cm.