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Underground coal mines as sources of water for public supply in northern Upshur County, West Virginia

Water-Resources Investigations Report 84-4115

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Abstract

Water use for the public supply in northern Upshur County, West Virginia exceeds the 1930 drought flow of its water source, the Buckhannon River. Three underground flooded coal mines near Buckhannon store about 1,170 acre-ft of water. This stored water , plus an additional 500 gal/min of groundwater infiltration into the mine, is enough to supply current public water needs of the area (1,500 gal/min) for 265 days, and projected needs (2 ,500 gal/min) for the year 2018 for about 135 days. This is also adequate enough for the year 2018 during droughts comparable to those in 1953 and 1930, for which 1900 gal/min and 2400 gal/min would be needed, respectively, to augment the surface-water source. Water from the flooded mines is chemically similar to water from nearby wells; however, nearby coal mining or pumpage from the mines may cause roof falls or subsidence, turbidity, changes in water quality, or leakage into or from the mines. More than 70 communities in West Virginia use water from coal mines for public supply. The flooded coal mines near Buckhannon could supply the public-water supply needs of northern Upshur County for about 265 days, but the water will require treatment to remove dissolved substances. (USGS)

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Underground coal mines as sources of water for public supply in northern Upshur County, West Virginia
Series title:
Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series number:
84-4115
Edition:
-
Year Published:
1987
Language:
ENGLISH
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey ; Copies available from Books and Open-File Reports,
Description:
vi, 38 p. :ill. (some col.) ;28 cm.