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Analysis and interpretation of data obtained in tests of the geothermal aquifer at Klamath Falls, Oregon

Water-Resources Investigations Report 84-4216

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Abstract

Water with temperatures to 130 C occurs in an extensive, heterogeneous aquifer at depths of a few hundred to nearly 2,000 feet. Chemical and isotopic analyses suggest that 190 C water mixes with cooler recharge water in a ratio of about 2 to 3 in zone within and beneath the aquifer. The water spreads from a fault zone and is tapped for space heating by more than 450 wells over a 2 square-mile area. Data obtained during a 50-day pumping and reinjection test in July and August, 1983, were fitted to theoretical double-porosity type curves. Predictions of water-level changes were made for two hypothetical pumping and reinjection schemes. It was determined that reinjection can generally offset declines due to pumping, although water levels will decline near pumped wells and will rise near injection wells. Tracer tests confirmed the double-porosity behavior of the aquifer. Discharge from thermal wells averages about 540 gallons per minute and heat discharge is about 18 x 10 to the 12th power British Thermal Units per year. Down-hole heat exchangers discharge about 13 x 10 to the 10th power British Thermal Units per year. Additional development probably is feasible. (USGS)

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Analysis and interpretation of data obtained in tests of the geothermal aquifer at Klamath Falls, Oregon
Series title:
Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series number:
84-4216
Edition:
-
Year Published:
1984
Language:
ENGLISH
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey,
Description:
158 p. :ill., maps ;28 cm.