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Low-flow characteristics of streams in the Kishwaukee River basin, Illinois

Water-Resources Investigations Report 84-4311

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Abstract

Seven-day, 2-year, and 7-day, 10-year natural low flows are estimated at five continuous-record gaging stations based on streamflow records and records of wastewater effluent furnished by treatment plants. Low flows are also estimated at 22 partial-record stations by relating natural low-flow estimates for long-term stations to discharge measurements at partial-record stations. Standard error of estimates for the 27 gaged sites averaged 33 percent for 2-year estimates and 51 percent for 10-year estimates. A technique for estimating flows at ungaged stream sites is based on drainage area and indexes of streamflow recession. Streamflow-recession indexes were used to account for effects of geology on low flows. Multiple-regression analyses relates the low flows to drainage area and streamflow recession rates. Average standard errors of estimates of 61 and 97 percent were indicated for the 2-year and 10-year estimating equations, respectively. Wastewater treatment plant location and effluent discharged during 7-day low-flow periods in 1981 are presented for use in adjusting natural low-flow estimates at gaged and ungaged sites to represent 1981 streamflow conditions. (USGS)

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Low-flow characteristics of streams in the Kishwaukee River basin, Illinois
Series title:
Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series number:
84-4311
Edition:
-
Year Published:
1985
Language:
ENGLISH
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Division,
Description:
vi, 35 p. :ill., maps ;28 cm.