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Water-resources appraisal of the Camp Swift lignite area, central Texas

Water-Resources Investigations Report 84-4333

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Abstract

The Camp Swift area, Texas was studied to describe the hydrogeology and to provide baseline data of the groundwater and surface water resources that would be affected by the strip mining of lignite. The investigation was centered on the 18-square mile Camp Swift Military Reservation where a reported 80 to 100 million short tons of commercially mineable lignite occurs within 200 feet of the land surface. Groundwater data showed that water levels in observation wells changed only slightly and that the water quality in the Calvert Bluff Formation, which contains the lignite, and in the Simsboro Formation, which is the major aquifer beneath the Calvert Bluff, is suitable for most uses. Big Sandy Creek, which crosses Camp Swift generally has a base flow of less than 0.5 cu ft/sec and infrequently is dry. Dogwood Creek, which originates on Camp Swift, usually is dry. The flow of both streams changes rapidly in response to rainfall in the watersheds. The quality of the water in both streams generally is suitable for most uses. A lithologic examination of 255 feet of cored section that represents the overburden and the lignite showed cyclic layering of fine sand, silt, clay, and lignite. Chemical analyses indicate that the pyritic sulfur concentration is small but variable. (USGS)

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Water-resources appraisal of the Camp Swift lignite area, central Texas
Series title:
Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series number:
84-4333
Edition:
-
Year Published:
1985
Language:
ENGLISH
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey,
Description:
v, 164 p. :ill., maps (some col.) ;28 cm.