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Hydrogeologic appraisal of five selected aquifers in Erie County, New York

Water-Resources Investigations Report 84-4334

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Abstract

Hydrogeologic conditions and water quality at four stratified-drift aquifers and a bedrock (Onondaga Limestone) aquifer were investigated by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Erie County Department of Environment and Planning. The Clarence-Lancaster-Newstead area includes two aquifers--one is a complex of morainal, beach, and outwash sand and gravel; the second is the underlying production aquifer in Onondage Limestone. Most wells tap the limestone aquifer. Water quality is suitable for most uses in both aquifers except for road-salt contamination at shallow wells near the New York State Thruway. A landfill on the aquifer has affected the water quality in some areas along its perimeter. The Sardinia and Springville areas each include an aquifer consisting of surficial outwash sand and gravel ranging in thickness from less than 10 feet to 95 feet. Several deeper water-bearing zones occur within till and lacustrine deposits 400 to 600 feet thick in the valleys. Ground water moves from the north and from the aquifer 's edges to the center of the valley and discharges into the main streams in the middle of the valley and to springs along the southern edge of the aquifers. Water quality is generally suitable for most uses. A landfill adjacent to the Sardinia aquifer has not significantly affected the aquifer. The Alden area includes an aquifer that consists of two sand and gravel zones separated by 10 to 20 feet of clay or till. The more productive lower zone has mineralized water derived from underlying shale. (USGS)

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Hydrogeologic appraisal of five selected aquifers in Erie County, New York
Series title:
Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series number:
84-4334
Edition:
-
Year Published:
1985
Language:
ENGLISH
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey,
Description:
vi, 89 p. :ill., maps ;28 cm.