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Evaluation of six methods for estimating magnitude and frequency of peak discharges on urban streams in New York

Water-Resources Investigations Report 84-4350

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Abstract

Six methods of estimating peak discharges of urban streams were compared and evaluated for applicability to urban streams in New York. Discharge and frequency values developed from a series of synthesized annual flood records were compared with values obtained from the six methods. The synthesized flood records were computed from rainfall-runoff models of 11 urban basins in three counties across the State. Four of these basins had a sufficient period of record to enable rainfall-runoff modeling of two different 5-year periods so that increases in peak flow due to increased urbanization could also be used for comparison of the six methods. A graphical analysis and three types of mathematical analyses were made to evaluate the closeness of fit and bias of the methods. All methods showed a tendency to overestimate synthetic urban flood-magnitude values, but the two adjust rural flood-frequency estimates on a nationwide basis showed smallest standard errors of estimate and bias. The standard errors for these two methods ranged from 44 to 57 percent over the six recurrence intervals (2, 5, 10, 25, 50, and 100 year), and the bias ranged from +28 to +53 percent. The bias , however, is probably due to errors inherent in using synthetic records and in applying the New York rural flood-frequency equations to urban basins with small drainage areas. (USGS)

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Evaluation of six methods for estimating magnitude and frequency of peak discharges on urban streams in New York
Series title:
Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series number:
84-4350
Edition:
-
Year Published:
1986
Language:
ENGLISH
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey,
Description:
iv, 24 p. :ill., map ;28 cm.