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Ground-water-recharge rates in Nassau and Suffolk counties, New York

Water-Resources Investigations Report 86-4181

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Abstract

Groundwater is the sole source of freshwater in Nassau and Suffolk Counties on Long Island; therefore, the rate at which precipitation replenishes the groundwater system may affect future water supplies in some areas. Annual precipitation on Long Island averages 45 inches per year, but less than 23 inches , or 50%, recharges the ground-water system. (Recharge is precipitation that percolates to the ground-water system naturally; it does not include water from stormwater basins or injection wells.) The rate of recharge varies locally and ranges from 29% to 57% of precipitation, depending on land use, season, and amount of storm sewering in the area. Recharge was calculated by subtracting evapotranspiration and direct runoff values from known precipitation values. Evapotranspiration was calculated by the Thornwaite and Mather method, and direct runoff rates to streams were calculated from streamflow records and size of known storm-sewer service areas. This report includes maps that depict precipitation, evapotranspiration, and rates of natural recharge in Nassau and Suffolk Counties for use in future hydrologic studies on Long Island. (Author 's abstract)

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Ground-water-recharge rates in Nassau and Suffolk counties, New York
Series title:
Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series number:
86-4181
Edition:
-
Year Published:
1987
Language:
ENGLISH
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey,
Description:
iv, 19 p. :ill., maps ;28 cm.