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Movement and fate of ethylene dibromide (EDB) in ground water in Seminole County, Georgia

Water-Resources Investigations Report 87-4030

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Abstract

An investigation to assess the movement and fate of ethylene dibromide (EDB) in the Upper Floridan aquifer (formerly the principal artesian aquifer) was conducted, because a previous investigation conducted in August 1983, had found EDB contamination of the aquifer in about a 4 sq mi area in central Seminole County, Georgia. Analyses of water from wells resampled in June 1985 indicate that EDB was present in the groundwater 2 yr after last being applied as a soil fumigant. The investigation revealed that groundwater recharge and irrigation pumping between August 1983 and June 1985 did not substantially change the areal extent of EDB in the Upper Floridan aquifer but concentrations of EDB seem to be declining. The highest concentrations again were found in two irrigation wells near Buck Hole, a sinkhole in a swampy depression in central Seminole County. EDB concentrations in these two wells ranged from 1.5 to 13 micrograms/L. Samples from two of three wells in the residuum near Buck Hole also had detectable concentrations of EDB. The presence of EDB in water samples from wells tapping the residuum and wells tapping the Upper Floridan aquifer indicates that agriculturally applied EDB has moved downward from the surface soils through the residuum and into the aquifer. Results of aquifer tests conducted in a similar geohydrologic setting suggest that local pumping from the highly transmissive aquifer may accelerate downward movement of water and EDB. Potentiometric surface maps of the Upper Floridan aquifer indicate that east of Fishpond Drain, where the highest concentrations of EDB were detected, the direction of groundwater flow and the direction of potential EDB transport generally is south-southeasterly. However, the movement of an EDB plume from the area of relatively high concentrations near Buck Hole along inferred groundwater flow lines was not detected. (Author 's abstract)

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Movement and fate of ethylene dibromide (EDB) in ground water in Seminole County, Georgia
Series title:
Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series number:
87-4030
Edition:
-
Year Published:
1987
Language:
ENGLISH
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey,
Description:
v, 13 p. :ill., maps ;28 cm.