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Percentage change in saturated thickness of the High Plains aquifer, west-central Kansas, 1950 to average 1985-87

Water-Resources Investigations Report 87-4252

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Abstract

Continuing studies are being made in west-central Kansas to provide up-to-date information that will aid in the management of groundwater for irrigation. This report presents the results of the seventh in a series of studies that uses a statistical technique, called kriging, to produce hydrologic maps. The kriging technique interpolates water-level altitudes at the center of each 1-square-mile section in the study area on the basis of water-level measurements from 164 observation wells. These interpolated altitudes (1859 in all), along with bedrock-surface and base-year water-level altitudes were used to prepare a hydrologic map that illustrates percentage change in saturated thickness. Saturated thickness, as used in this report , is the thickness of the High Plains Aquifer between the groundwater surface, as indicated by water-level altitudes, and the bedrock surface. Because irrigation development in west-central Kansas was minimal prior to 1950, the saturated thickness during 1950 represented a nearly static condition in the aquifer. Thus, the decrease in saturated thickness of the aquifer since 1950 is related to the effects of irrigation withdrawals on the volume of water in storage. In general, percentage change in saturated thickness indicates the degree of stress on the aquifer in most areas resulting from irrigation pumpage. (Shidler-PTT)

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Percentage change in saturated thickness of the High Plains aquifer, west-central Kansas, 1950 to average 1985-87
Series title:
Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series number:
87-4252
Edition:
-
Year Published:
1987
Language:
ENGLISH
Description:
1 map : photocopy ; 93 x 142 cm., folded in envelope 31 x 23 cm.