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Analysis of the effect of pumping on ground-water flow in the Springfield Plateau and Ozark aquifers near Springfield, Missouri

Water-Resources Investigations Report 89-4079

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Abstract

Pumpage of water from the Ozark aquifer for public supply and industry use by the city of Springfield and surrounding communities in southwestern Missouri has significantly altered the potentiometric surface of the aquifer. Springfield is located on a regional groundwater divide that trends east and west across southern Missouri. Groundwater that once flowed north and south from the divide now moves toward Springfield. Drawdown in the Ozark aquifer beneath Springfield has increased about 50 ft near the center of the city since 1974. The area of well influence also has increased, most notably to the south and southwest, because of increased pumpage by Springfield and new groundwater withdrawals in rapidly increasing communities, such as Republic and Nixa. Changes in the potentiometric surface of the Ozark aquifer, and to a lesser extent the Springfield Plateau aquifer, resulting from stresses applied by pumpage of water supply wells has altered the hydrologic budget of the Springfield area. Downward leakage of groundwater through the Ozark confining unit has increased from about 10 cu ft/sec to about 18 cu ft/sec because drawdown in the Ozark aquifer has resulted in an increased vertical hydraulic gradient across the confining unit. Minimal quantities of water are supplied by increased upward leakage through the St. Francois confining unit. Model simulations indicate substantial quantities of water are still (1987) being removed from storage within the Ozark and Springfield Plateau aquifers and the hydrologic system is not in equilibrium at this time. (USGS)

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Analysis of the effect of pumping on ground-water flow in the Springfield Plateau and Ozark aquifers near Springfield, Missouri
Series title:
Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series number:
89-4079
Edition:
-
Year Published:
1989
Language:
ENGLISH
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey ; Books and Open-File Reports, U.S. Geological Survey,
Description:
vii, 63 p. :ill. ;28 cm.