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Identification, characterization, and analysis of hydraulically conductive fractures in granitic basement rocks, Millville, Massachusetts

Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4185

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Abstract

A suite of geophysical logs designed to identify and characterize fractures and water production in fractures was run in six bedrock boreholes at a ground-water contamination site near the towns of Millville and Uxbridge in south-central Massachusetts. The geophysical logs used in this study included conventional gamma, single-point resistance, borehole fluid resistivity, caliper, spontaneous potential, and temperature; and the borehole televiewer and heat-pulse flowmeter, which are not usually used to log bedrock water-supply wells. Downward flow under ambient hydraulic-head conditions was measured in three of the boreholes at the site, and the profile of fluid column resistivity inferred from the logs indicated downward flow in all six boreholes. Steady injection tests at about 1.0 gallon per minute were used to identify fractures capable of conducting flow under test conditions. Sixteen of 157 fracturesidentified on the televiewer logs and interpreted as permeable fractures in the data analysis were determined to conduct flow under ambient hydraulic-head conditions or during injection. Hydraulic-head monitoring in the bedrock boreholes indicated a consistent head difference between the upper and lower parts of the boreholes. This naturally occurring hydraulic-head condition may account, in part, for the transport of contaminants from the overlying soil into the bedrock aquifer. The downward flow may also account for the decrease in contaminant concentrations found in some boreholes after routine use of the boreholes as water-supply wells was discontinued.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Identification, characterization, and analysis of hydraulically conductive fractures in granitic basement rocks, Millville, Massachusetts
Series title:
Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series number:
94-4185
Edition:
-
Year Published:
1994
Language:
ENGLISH
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey : USGS Earth Science Information Center, Open-File Reports Section [distributor],
Description:
v, 38 p. :ill., map ;28 cm.