The hydrogeology and ground-water flow of Muddy Brook were investigated as part of a study to determine the effects of restoring agricultural riparian land to forest on water quality. Test-hole drilling, well installation, and slug-test analyses indicate that the part of Muddy Brook studied is underlain by thin stratified-drift deposits. These deposits are mostly less than 10 feet thick and have estimated horizontal hydraulic conductivities of 4 to 30 feet per day. Till deposits from 1 to 14 feet thick underlie the stratified-drift deposits and have estimated horizontal hydraulic conductivities of 0.1 and 4.3 feet per day. The water table in stratified drift is less than 10 feet below land surface during most of the year, and the horizontal hydraulic gradient varies seasonally and areally from 0.015 to 0.07 feet per foot. The horizontal hydraulic gradient in the till deposits is as great as 0.1 feet per foot. Vertical hydraulic gradients of as large as 0.4 feet per foot are present between the till and stratified drift and are predominantly upward from the till into the stratified drift but can reverse direction in response to recharge. Ground-water discharge to Muddy Brook comes mostly from the saturated stratified-drift deposits, and during April through September 1992, flowed at a rate of 0.015 to 0.027 cubic feet per second. Average ground-water velocity is about 1 feet per day in the stratified drift and about 0.2 foot per day through the till deposits. Discharge of ground water from the till can contribute as much as 0.006 cubic feet per second of water to the stratified drift.
Additional publication details
USGS Numbered Series
Hydrogeology and ground-water flow at the Muddy Brook riparian zone, north-central Connecticut
Water-Resources Investigations Report
U.S. Geological Survey ;
Earth Science Information Center, Open-File Reports Section [distributor],