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Shallow infiltration processes at Yucca Mountain, Nevada : neutron logging data 1984-93

Water-Resources Investigations Report 95-4035

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Abstract

To determine site suitability of Yucca Mountain, Nevada, as a potential high-level radioactive waste repository, a study was devised to characterize net infiltration. This study involves a detailed data set produced from 99 neutron boreholes that consisted of volumetric water-content readings with depth from 1984 through 1993 at Yucca Mountain. Boreholes were drilled with minimal disturbance to the surrounding soil or rock in order to best represent field conditions. Boreholes were located in topographic positions representing infiltration zones identified as ridgetops, sideslopes, terraces, and active channels. Through careful field calibration, neutron moisture logs, collected on a monthly basis and representing most of the areal locations at Yucca Mountain, illustrated that the depth of penetration of seasonal moisture, important for escaping loss to evapotranspiration, was influenced by several factors. It was increased (1) by thin soil cover, especially in locations where thin soil is underlain by fractured bedrock; (2) on ridgetops; and (3) during the winter when evapotranspiration is low and runoff is less frequent. This data set helps to provide a seasonal and areal distribution of changes in volumetric water content with which to assess hydrologic processes contributing to net infiltration.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Shallow infiltration processes at Yucca Mountain, Nevada : neutron logging data 1984-93
Series title:
Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series number:
95-4035
Edition:
-
Year Published:
1995
Language:
ENGLISH
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey : Earth Science Information Center, Open-File Reports Section [distributor],
Description:
iv, 46 p. :ill., map ;28 cm.