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Salinity of the Delaware Estuary

Water Supply Paper 1586-B

By:
and

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Abstract

The purpose of this investigation was to obtain data on and study the factors affecting the salinity of the Delaware River from Philadelphia, Pa., to the Appoquinimink River, Del. The general chemical quality of water in the estuary is described, including changes in salinity in the river cross section and profile, diurnal and seasonal changes, and the effects of rainfall, sea level, and winds on salinity. Relationships are established of the concentrations of chloride and dissolved solids to specific conductance. In addition to chloride profiles and isochlor plots, time series are plotted for salinity or some quantity representing salinity, fresh-water discharge, mean river level, and mean sea level. The two major variables which appear to have the greatest effect on the salinity of the estuary are the fresh-water flow of the river and sea level. The most favorable combination of these variables for salt-water encroachment occurs from August to early October and the least favorable combination occurs between December and May.

Additional Publication Details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Salinity of the Delaware Estuary
Series title:
Water Supply Paper
Series number:
1586
Chapter:
B
Edition:
-
Year Published:
1962
Language:
ENGLISH
Publisher:
U.S. Govt. Print. Off.,
Description:
iv, 47 p. :graphs ;24 cm.