Potable and industrial water supplies at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Mississippi Test Facility in Hancock County, Miss., are obtained from large-capacity wells that tap southward-dipping water-bearing sands of Miocene and Pliocene age. The fresh-water-bearing section is 2,000-3,000 feet thick in the area, and individual aquifers are as thick as 450 feet. Aquifer thickness is not constant over large areas, however; and 100 feet is a more common thickness.
Three wells installed for potable water supply are 1,434-1,524 feet deep and have produced 1,100-2,500 gpm (gallons per minute) by natural flow. Artesian pressure is sufficient to provide a static head as high as 90 feet above land surface. Planned use rate for two of the wells is about 600 gpm each and for the third, 1,250 gpm.
Water for cooling Saturn rocket test-stand deflectors is obtained from three wells 1,873, 1,695, and 672 feet deep. The production rates of these wells are 3,100, 4,500, and 5,000 gpm, respectively; the wells are capable of supplying 7.5 million gallons in a 10-hour period (18 million gallons per day). Artesian head for the aquifers tapped by these wells ranges from 104 feet above land surface for the deepest aquifer to 15 feet for the shallowest.
Aquifer transmissibilities determined in pumping tests range from 81,000 to 200,000 gallons per day per foot. Specific capacities of the wells range from a 15 to 47 gpm per foot of drawdown.
Water from the supply wells is soft and of good quality. Dissolved solids range from 236 to 315 parts per million. The water is a sodium bicarbonate type, with high pH. The concentration of iron is less than 0.3 part per million. Water temperatures range from 79?F in the shallowest supply well to 100?F in the deepest.
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USGS Numbered Series
Development of ground-water supplies at Mississippi test facility, Hancock County, Mississippi