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The influence of the physical characteristics of soil on hydrology is frequently neglected. In this report, the effects of five characteristics on the hydrologic responses of soils in Nebraska are evaluated quantitatively, soils are grouped through use of a simplified coding system according to similarities in hydrologic responses, and are mapped according to these responses.
General soils maps of the U.S. Department of Agriculture Soil Conservation Service and data for the physical properties of the soils proved well-suited to hydrologic interpretation. This interpretation of the maps and data led to the selection of three characteristics as classification variables: Average permeability of the 60-inch soil profile, average maximum soil slope, and depth to the seasonal high water table. Permeability of the least permeable horizon and available water capacity, although not needed as classification variables, are useful in explaining some of the hydrologic responses of soils.
The primary soil units used in groupings and interpretation of the soils for this study are the soil associations. A computer program is presented that sorts the soils into groups and calculates statistics for each group. The 147 soil associations in Nebraska were thus sorted into 29 hydrologic soil groups. The location and extent of these hydrologic soil groups are shown on maps at scales of 1:750,000 and 1:250,000 for the State.
Additional Publication Details
USGS Numbered Series
Hydrologic characteristics of Nebraska soils
Water Supply Paper
iv, 19 p. :ill., maps (1 col.) ;28 cm.; 12 plates in pocket