Thermal and dissolved oxygen characteristics of a South Carolina cooling reservoir

Water Resources Bulletin
By:  and 



Temperature and dissolved oxygen concentrations were measured monthly from January 1971 to December 1982 at 1-m depth intervals at 13 stations in Keowee Reservoir in order to characterize spatial and temporal changes associated with operation of the Oconee Nuclear Station. The reservoir water column was i to 4°C warmer in operational than in non-operational years. The thermo-dine was at depths of 5 to 15 m before the operation of Oconee Nuclear Station, but was always below the upper level of the intake (20 m) after the station was in full operation; this suggests that pumping by the Oconee Nuclear Station had depleted all available cool hypolimnetic water to this depth. As a result summer water temperatures at depths greater than 10 m were usually 10°C higher after plant operation began than before. By fall the reservoir was nearly homothemious to a depth of 27 m, where a thermocine developed. Seasonal temperature profiles varied with distance from the plant; a cool water plume was evident in spring and a warm water plume was present in the summer, fall, and winter. A cold water plume also developed in the northern section of the reservoir due to the operation of Jocassee Pumped Storage Station. Increases in the mean water temperature of the reservoir during operational periods were correlated with the generating output of the power plant. The annual heat load to the reservoir increased by one-third after plant operations began. The alteration of the thermal stratification of the receiving water during the summer also caused the dissolved oxygen to mix to greater depths.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Thermal and dissolved oxygen characteristics of a South Carolina cooling reservoir
Series title Water Resources Bulletin
DOI 10.1111/j.1752-1688.1987.tb00805.x
Volume 23
Issue 2
Year Published 1987
Language English
Publisher Wiley
Contributing office(s) South Atlantic Water Science Center
Description 13 p.
First page 257
Last page 269
Country United States
State South Carolina
Other Geospatial Keowee Reservoir
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
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