Comparison of three nonlinear models to describe long-term tag shedding by lake trout

Transactions of the American Fisheries Society
By: , and 

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Abstract

We estimated long-term tag-shedding rates for lake trout Salvelinus namaycush using two existing models and a model we developed to account for the observed permanence of some tags. Because tag design changed over the course of the study, we examined tag-shedding rates for three types of numbered anchor tags (Floy tags FD-67, FD-67C, and FD-68BC) and an unprinted anchor tag (FD-67F). Lake trout from the Gull Island Shoal region, Lake Superior, were double-tagged, and subsequent recaptures were monitored in annual surveys conducted from 1974 to 1992. We modeled tag-shedding rates, using time at liberty and probabilities of tag shedding estimated from fish released in 1974 and 1978–1983 and later recaptured. Long-term shedding of numbered anchor tags in lake trout was best described by a nonlinear model with two parameters: an instantaneous tag-shedding rate and a constant representing the proportion of tags that were never shed. Although our estimates of annual shedding rates varied with tag type (0.300 for FD-67, 0.441 for FD-67C, and 0.656 for FD-68BC), differences were not significant. About 36% of tags remained permanently affixed to the fish. Of the numbered tags that were shed (about 64%), two mechanisms contributed to tag loss: disintegration and dislodgment. Tags from about 11% of recaptured fish had disintegrated, but most tags were dislodged. Unprinted tags were shed at a significant but low rate immediately after release, but the long-term, annual shedding rate of these tags was only 0.013. Compared with unprinted tags, numbered tags dislodged at higher annual rates; we hypothesized that this was due to the greater frictional drag associated with the larger cross-sectional area of numbered tags.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Comparison of three nonlinear models to describe long-term tag shedding by lake trout
Series title Transactions of the American Fisheries Society
DOI 10.1577/1548-8659(1996)125<0261:COTNMT>2.3.CO;2
Volume 125
Issue 2
Year Published 1996
Language English
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Contributing office(s) Great Lakes Science Center
Description 13 p.
First page 261
Last page 273
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N