Lead poisoning in Canada geese on Plum Island, Massachusetts (USA)

Journal of Wildlife Diseases
By:  and 



During December 1983 and early January 1984, about 200 Canada geese (Branta canadensis) died of lead poisoning at Parker River National Wildlife Refuge on Plum Island, Massachusetts. In an effort to determine the source of lead, 100 bottom samples were taken from a refuge impoundment where much of the mortality/morbidity occurred. An average of 157,150 pellets/ha was found with a range of 64,582 to 322,910 pellets/ha. Water levels in this impoundment were low when Canada geese arrived, making shot more readily available to the geese and contributing to the outbreak. To minimize the risk of Canada geese being exposed to lead shot poisoning at this location in the future, we recommend several corrective manipulations of habitat.

Study Area

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Lead poisoning in Canada geese on Plum Island, Massachusetts (USA)
Series title Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Volume 23
Issue 3
Year Published 1987
Language English
Contributing office(s) National Wildlife Health Center
Description p. 438-442
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Journal of Wildlife Diseases
First page 438
Last page 442
Country United States
State Massachusetts
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N