Differential spring migration by male and female Western Sandpipers at interior and coastal stopover sites
Western Sandpipers Calidris mauri are differential migrants on their non-breeding areas, with females wintering farther south. Earlier passage of males in the spring has been explained by sexual differences in winter latitude (male-biased sex ratios at more northerly areas) and onset of migration (males departing earlier). We investigated sex differences during spring migration by capturing and radio-marking Western Sandpipers at two Pacific coast sites, San Francisco Bay, California and Grays Harbor, Washington and at a Great Basin interior wetland, Honey Lake, California. We monitored northward migration of 132 radio-marked birds at a network of 12 major stopover sites and 4 breeding areas. At the banding sites, we observed differences in sex by date and site, with males preceding females. We found sex differences in departure time of radio-marked birds from the banding site. their arrival time at the Copper River Delta, Alaska (our most frequently used stopover site), and in the likelihood that a stopover was used. Our data suggest that by mid to late April, migration timing becomes more compressed and sex differences are less pronounced and harder to detect.
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||Differential spring migration by male and female Western Sandpipers at interior and coastal stopover sites|
|Publisher||Netherlands Ornithologists' Union|
|Contributing office(s)||Western Ecological Research Center|
|Google Analytic Metrics||Metrics page|