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Parasites and marine invasions

Parasitology

By:
, , and
DOI:10.1017/S0031182002001506

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Abstract

Introduced marine species are a major environmental and economic problem. The rate of these biological invasions has substantially increased in recent years due to the globalization of the world's economies. The damage caused by invasive species is often a result of the higher densities and larger sizes they attain compared to where they are native. A prominent hypothesis explaining the success of introduced species is that they are relatively free of the effects of natural enemies. Most notably, they may encounter fewer parasites in their introduced range compared to their native range. Parasites are ubiquitous and pervasive in marine systems, yet their role in marine invasions is relatively unexplored. Although data on parasites of marine organisms exist, the extent to which parasites can mediate marine invasions, or the extent to which invasive parasites and pathogens are responsible for infecting or potentially decimating native marine species have not been examined. In this review, we present a theoretical framework to model invasion success and examine the evidence for a relationship between parasite presence and the success of introduced marine species. For this, we compare the prevalence and species richness of parasites in several introduced populations of marine species with populations where they are native. We also discuss the potential impacts of introduced marine parasites on native ecosystems.

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Parasites and marine invasions
Series title:
Parasitology
DOI:
10.1017/S0031182002001506
Volume:
124
Issue:
7
Year Published:
2002
Language:
English
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Contributing office(s):
Western Ecological Research Center
Description:
15 p.
First page:
137
Last page:
151