In the 1970s about 1,650 southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) were restricted to the central California coast (Riedman and Estes, 1990), and a high volume of oil was being shipped through the region. Because of the vulnerability of sea otters to contamination from oil (Costa and Kooyman, 1982; Williams and Davis, 1995) that would likely spread wide- ly along the shore after a large spill (Van- Blaricom and Jameson, 1982), the subspecies was listed as threatened in 1977 under the United States Endangered Species Act.
Additional publication details
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||Status of translocated sea otters at San Nicolas Island, California|
|Series title||Southwestern Naturalist|
|Publisher||Southwestern Association of Naturalists|
|Contributing office(s)||Western Ecological Research Center|