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The impact of debris on the Florida manatee

Marine Pollution Bulletin

By:
and
DOI: 10.1016/0025-326X(91)90406-I

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Abstract

The endangered Florida manatee ingests debris while feeding. From 1978 through 1986, 439 salvaged manatees were examined. Debris was in the gastrointestinal tract of 63 (14.4%) and four died as a direct result of debris ingestion. Monofilament fishing line was the most common debris found (N=49). Plastic bags, string, twine, rope, fish hooks, wire, paper, cellophane, synthetic sponges, rubber bands, and stockings also were recovered. Entanglement in lines and nets killed 11 manatees from 1974 through 1985. Numerous free-ranging manatees have missing or scarred flippers from entanglements, or debris still encircling one or both flippers. We recommend local cleanups, education of the public, and fishing restrictions in high use areas to significantly reduce harm to manatees.

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
The impact of debris on the Florida manatee
Series title:
Marine Pollution Bulletin
DOI:
10.1016/0025-326X(91)90406-I
Volume:
22
Issue:
10
Year Published:
1991
Language:
English
Publisher:
Elsevier
Contributing office(s):
Florida Integrated Science Center
Description:
3 p.
First page:
508
Last page:
510
Online Only (Y/N):
N
Additional Online Files (Y/N):
N