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Effects of salinity on chloride cells and Na+ K+-ATPase activity in the teleost Gillchthys mirabilis

Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A: Physiology

By:
, , , and
https://doi.org/10.1016/0300-9629(93)90213-N

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Abstract

1. Longjawed mudsuckers, Gillichthys mirabilis, in 30ppt seawater (SW) were transferred to 1.5, 30 and 60ppt SW.

2. In the first 1–3 days after transfer, plasma chloride level and plasma osmolarity rose in the 60ppt SW fish, and decreased in the 1.5ppt SW fish.

3. By day 21, however, plasma chloride and osmolarity were at or near the levels seen in the controls (30ppt).

4. Branchial and jawskin Na+, K+-ATPase activities were high in all salinities, and did not differ significantly among treatments.

5. The vital fluorescent stains DASPEI and anthroylouabain were used to detect mitochondria and Na+, K+-ATPase, respectively, in chloride cells.

6. Both stains indicated that jawskin chloride cell density did not differ among treatment groups.

7. In contrast, chloride cell size increased significantly with increasing salinity.

8. The chloride cells of fish in 60 ppt SW were noticeably angular in outline, whereas those of both the 1.5 and 30ppt SW fish were circular.

9. The results are discussed in relation to the ion transport requirements encountered in the intertidal habitat of the mudsucker.

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Effects of salinity on chloride cells and Na+ K+-ATPase activity in the teleost Gillchthys mirabilis
Series title:
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A: Physiology
DOI:
10.1016/0300-9629(93)90213-N
Volume:
105
Issue:
2
Year Published:
1993
Language:
English
Publisher:
Elsevier
Contributing office(s):
Leetown Science Center
Description:
7 p.
First page:
311
Last page:
317