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Control of Tamarix in the western United States: Implications for water salvage, wildlife use, and riparian restoration

Environmental Management

By:
, , , , ORCID iD , , and
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-004-0099-5

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Abstract

Non-native shrub species in the genus Tamarix (saltcedar, tamarisk) have colonized hundreds of thousands of hectares of floodplains, reservoir margins, and other wetlands in western North America. Many resource managers seek to reduce saltcedar abundance and control its spread to increase the flow of water in streams that might otherwise be lost to evapotranspiration, to restore native riparian (streamside) vegetation, and to improve wildlife habitat. However, increased water yield might not always occur and has been substantially lower than expected in water salvage experiments, the potential for successful revegetation is variable, and not all wildlife taxa clearly prefer native plant habitats over saltcedar. As a result, there is considerable debate surrounding saltcedar control efforts. We review the literature on saltcedar control, water use, wildlife use, and riparian restoration to provide resource managers, researchers, and policy-makers with a balanced summary of the state of the science. To best ensure that the desired outcomes of removal programs are met, scientists and resource managers should use existing information and methodologies to carefully select and prioritize sites for removal, apply the most appropriate and cost-effective control methods, and then rigorously monitor control efficacy, revegetation success, water yield changes, and wildlife use.

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Control of Tamarix in the western United States: Implications for water salvage, wildlife use, and riparian restoration
Series title:
Environmental Management
DOI:
10.1007/s00267-004-0099-5
Volume:
35
Issue:
3
Year Published:
2005
Language:
English
Publisher:
Springer
Contributing office(s):
Fort Collins Science Center
Description:
16 p.
First page:
231
Last page:
246