Linking intended visitation to regional economic impact models of bison and elk management

Human Dimensions of Wildlife
By:  and 



This article links intended National Park visitation estimates to regional economic models to calculate the employment impacts of alternative bison and elk management strategies. The survey described alternative National Elk Refuge (NER) management actions and the effects on elk and bison populations at the NER and adjacent Grand Teton National Park (GTNP). Park visitors were then asked if they would change their number of visits with each potential management action. Results indicate there would be a 10% decrease in visitation if bison populations were reduced from 600 to 400 animals and elk populations were reduced in GTNP and the NER. The related decrease in jobs in Teton counties of Wyoming and Idaho is estimated at 5.5%. Adopting a “no active management” option of never feeding elk and bison on the NER yields about one-third the current bison population (200 bison) and about half the elk population. Visitors surveyed about this management option would take about 20% fewer trips, resulting in an 11.3% decrease in employment. Linking intended visitation surveys and regional economic models represents a useful tool for natural resource planners who must present the consequences of potential actions in Environmental Impact Statements and plans to the public and decision makers prior to any action being implemented.

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Linking intended visitation to regional economic impact models of bison and elk management
Series title Human Dimensions of Wildlife
DOI 10.1080/10871200490272151
Volume 9
Issue 1
Year Published 2004
Language English
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Contributing office(s) Fort Collins Science Center
Description 17 p.
First page 17
Last page 33
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