Beyond theories of plant invasions: Lessons from natural landscapes

Comments on Theoretical Biology
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Abstract

There are a growing number of contrasting theories about plant invasions, but most are only weakly supported by small-scale field experiments, observational studies, and mathematical models. Among the most contentious theories is that species-rich habitats should be less vulnerable to plant invasion than species-poor sites, stemming from earlier theories that competition is a major force in structuring plant communities. Early ecologists such as Charles Darwin (1859) and Charles Elton (1958) suggested that a lack of intense interspecific competition on islands made these low-diversity habitats vulnerable to invasion. Small-scale field experiments have supported and contradicted this theory, as have various mathematical models. In contrast, many large-scale observational studies and detailed vegetation surveys in continental areas often report that species-rich areas are more heavily invaded than species-poor areas, but there are exceptions here as well. In this article, I show how these seemingly contrasting patterns converge once appropriate spatial and temporal scales are considered in complex natural environments. I suggest ways in which small-scale experiments, mathematical models, and large- scale observational studies can be improved and better integrated to advance a theoretically based understanding of plant invasions.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Beyond theories of plant invasions: Lessons from natural landscapes
Series title Comments on Theoretical Biology
DOI 10.1080/08948550290022385
Volume 7
Issue 6
Year Published 2002
Language English
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Contributing office(s) Fort Collins Science Center
Description 25 p.
First page 355
Last page 379