Visitor reponse to demonstration fees at National Wildlife Refuges

Wildlife Society Bulletin
By: , and 



In response to a request from the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, we examined the likelihood of visitors changing their plans for future visits to National Wildlife Refuges (NWR) because of changes in entrance or use fees. We obtained data for this study from 3,173 respondents from 14 NWRs between 1998 and 2000. Overall, only 8% of all respondents reported potential displacement as a likely response to fee changes. Bivariate analyses indicated that displacement was related to the NWR visited, participation in consumptive or nonconsumptive activities, amount of fees paid, and respondents' income, but the strength of these relationships was weak. Beliefs about the fee program and attitude toward fees paid were better predictors of displacement potential. Multivariate log-linear analysis highlighted significant interactions among the variables and complexity of understanding the displacement process.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Visitor reponse to demonstration fees at National Wildlife Refuges
Series title Wildlife Society Bulletin
Volume 30
Issue 4
Year Published 2002
Language English
Publisher Wiley
Contributing office(s) Fort Collins Science Center
Description 7 p.
First page 1238
Last page 1244