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The trout fishery in Shenandoah National Park

Special Scientific Report - Fisheries 395

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Abstract

Populations of brook trout in streams of Shenandoah National Park were reduced drastically early in the past decade by a succession of unusually severe droughts and floods. The drying of stream beds, predation, and scouring were principal factors in the loss of fish. The park was closed to fishing in 1954 and 1955 to protect survivors.

The small numbers of survivors quickly repopulated the streams after drought conditions abated. The stocking of hatchery-reared fingerling trout in selected waters failed to augment the recovery of populations. Survival and growth of young, wild trout were especially good. Their redistribution through miles of previously dry streams was rapid. The park was opened again to fishing in 1956 under regulations which restrict the take but afford an increase in sporting opportunity. Two streams were placed under fishing-for-fun-only regulations in 1961.

The welfare of the trout populations is dependent mostly on the weather cycle . Fish may be abundant in wet years but very scarc e in dry ones. Thus, the stream must be managed a s marginal for trout.

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
Federal Government Series
Title:
The trout fishery in Shenandoah National Park
Series title:
Special Scientific Report - Fisheries
Series number:
395
Year Published:
1961
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Publisher location:
Washington, DC
Contributing office(s):
Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center
Description:
16 p.
Country:
United States
State:
Virginia
Other Geospatial:
Shenandoah National Park