History of fish toxicants in the United States

Special Publication 4


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Many bodies of water have been overrun with fish species that are undesirable for the well-being of endemic aquatic biota and are of little or no interest to anglers. This situation has resulted from the transplanting of fish, creation of new waters, increasing fishing pressure and changing water quality. Although as many as 30 toxicants have been tried, only about 30 major piscicides have been used in rehabilitation programs to remove the unwanted species. Explicit knowledge of the mode of action of toxicants in the environment and improvements in fish farming, have permitted fishery managers to reduce the amount of control chemical that is applied to obtain a desired result. The number and volume of waters being reclaimed have increased, but this trend may change soon because environmental laws involving the use of registered pesticides are becoming more restrictive. Registration research has established the safety of some fish toxicants but has eliminated others. Only four piscicides are presently registered (or nonfood use application: antimycin and rotenone as general fish toxicants and 3-trifluoromethyl-4-nitrophenol (TFM) and Bayluscide as selective lampricides.

Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype Federal Government Series
Title History of fish toxicants in the United States
Series title Special Publication
Series number 4
Year Published 1975
Language English
Publisher American Fisheries Society, North Central Division
Contributing office(s) Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center
Description 5-21
Larger Work Type Report
Larger Work Subtype Federal Government Series
Larger Work Title Rehabilitation of fish populations with toxicants: a symposium
First page 5
Last page 21