Resistance to 3-trifluoromethyl-4-nitrophenol (TFM) in sea lamprey

Technical Report 56
By:  and 



The lampricide 3-trifluoromethyl-4-nitrophenol (TFM) has been used in the United States and Canada for more than 30 years to control populations of sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) in the Great Lakes. There is concern that sea lamprey might become resistant to TFM. Lampricide toxicity tests have been conducted at the Hammond Bay Biological Station, Millersburg, Michigan, since the 1950s and examination of TFM toxicity data for larval lamprey from 1963 to 1987 indicated that sea lamprey have not developed increased resistance to TFM. Maintenance of current control practices are unlikely to cause the development of TFM-resistant sea lamprey strains in the foreseeable future.

Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype Other Report
Title Resistance to 3-trifluoromethyl-4-nitrophenol (TFM) in sea lamprey
Series title Technical Report
Series number 56
Year Published 1990
Language English
Publisher Great Lakes Fishery Commission
Contributing office(s) Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center
Description 15
First page 0
Last page 15