Handbook of Ecotoxicology

OCLC: 49952447 ISBN: 1-56670-546-0. 14 chapters have Patuxent authors. View the publisher's description at URL.
Edited by:
D.J. Hoffman, B.A. Rattner, G.A. Burton, and J. Cairns Jr.


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This second edition of the Handbook of Ecotoxicology has expanded considerably in both concept and content over the first edition. The second edition contains 45 chapters with contributions from over 75 international experts. Eighteen new chapters have been introduced, and the original chapters have been substantially revised and updated. All of the content has been reviewed by a board of experts. This edition is divided into five major sections: I. Quantifying and Measuring Ecotoxicological Effects, II. Contaminant Sources and Effects, III. Case Histories and Ecosystem Surveys, IV. Methods for Making Estimates, Predictability, and Risk Assessment in Ecotoxicology, and V. Special Issues in Ecotoxicology. In the first section, concepts and current methodologies for testing are provided for aquatic toxicology, wildlife toxicology, sediment toxicity, soil ecotoxicology, algal and plant toxicity, and landscape ecotoxicology. Biomonitoring programs and current use of bio-indicators for aquatic and terrestrial monitoring are described. The second section contains chapters on major environmental contaminants and other anthropogenic processes capable of disrupting ecosystems including pesticides, petroleum and PAHs, heavy metals, selenium, polyhalogenated aromatic hydrocarbons, urban runoff, nuclear and thermal contamination, global effects of deforestation, pathogens and disease, and abiotic factors that interact with contaminants. In order to illustrate the full impact of different environmental contaminants on diverse ecosystems, seven case histories and ecosystem surveys are described in the third section. The fourth section discusses methods and approaches used for estimating and predicting exposure and effects for purposes of risk assessment. These include global disposition of contaminants, bioaccumulation and bioconcentration, use of quantitative structure activity relationships (QSARs), population modeling, current guidelines and future directions for ecological risk assessment, and restoration ecology. The fifth section of this book identifies and describes a number of new and significant issues in ecotoxicology, most of which have come to the forefront of the field since the publication of the first edition. These include endocrine-disrupting chemicals in the environment, the possible role of contaminants in the worldwide decline of amphibian populations, potential genetic effects of contaminants on animal populations, the role of ecotoxicology in industrial ecology and natural capitalism, the consequences of indirect effects of agricultural pesticides on wildlife, the role of nutrition on trace element toxicity, and the role of environmental contaminants on endangered species. --Preface

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Handbook of Ecotoxicology
Year Published:
Lewis Publishers
Publisher location:
Boca Raton, Florida
Contributing office(s):
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center