Quantitative analysis of American woodcock nest and brood habitat

OCLC: 37723545
Edited by: Daniel M. Keppie and Ray B. Owen Jr.


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Sixteen nest and 19 brood sites of American woodcock (Philohela minoI) were examined in northern lower Michigan between 15 April and 15 June 1974 to determine habitat structure associated with these sites. Woodcock hens utilized young, second-growth forest stands which were similar in species composition for both nesting and brood rearing. A multi-varIate discriminant function analysis revealed a significant (P< 0.05) difference, however, in habitat structure. Nest habitat was characterized by lower tree density (2176 trees/ha) and basal area (8.6 m2/ha), by being close to forest openings (7 m) and by being situated on dry, relatively well drained sites. In contrast, woodcock broods were located in sites that had nearly twice the tree density (3934 trees/hal and basal area (16.5 m2/ha), was located over twice as far from forest openings (18 m) and generally occurred on damp sites, near (8 m) standing water. Importance of the habitat features to the species and possible management implications are discussed.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Quantitative analysis of American woodcock nest and brood habitat
Year Published 1977
Language English
Publisher [University of New Brunswick]
Publisher location [Frederiction, New Brunswick]
Contributing office(s) Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description iv, 198
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Other Government Series
Larger Work Title Proceedings of the Sixth Woodcock Symposium, held at Fredericton, New Brunswick, October 4, 5 and 6
First page 109
Last page 118
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