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Organochlorine pesticides

By:
Edited by:
David J. Hoffman, Barnett A. Rattner, G. Allen Burton Jr., and John Cairns Jr.

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  • Larger Work: This publication is Chapter 13 of Handbook of ecotoxicology
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Abstract

the discovery of the insecticidal properties of DDT, which led to its subsequent use in pest control,w as hailed as a tremendous scientiffic achievement. Initial success with DDT in controlling human health pests during World War II, and subsequent success in agricultural pest control, stimulated the synthesis and development of related organochlorine pestidices; their use increased exponentially following the war.1 At first, evidence slowly accumulated that nearly all of these compounds were having widespread adverse effects on nontarget organisms. Later, a veritable mountain of evidence was amassed relating to their toxicity, persistence, and lipophilic characteristics, which resulted in accumulation of residues, mortality, lowered reproductive success, and decline - even extirpation - of certain populations of wildlife.2,3 Ecotoxicological data for organochlorine pesticides are limited in much of the world because most research has been conducted in relatively few countries. It is likely that no other group of contaminants of anthropogenic origin has exacted such a heavy toll on the environment as have the organochlorine pesticide.

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Book chapter
Publication Subtype:
Book Chapter
Title:
Organochlorine pesticides
Chapter:
13
ISBN:
0873715853
Year Published:
1995
Language:
English
Publisher:
Lewis Publishers
Publisher location:
Boca Raton, FL
Contributing office(s):
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description:
26 p.
Larger Work Type:
Book
Larger Work Subtype:
Monograph
Larger Work Title:
Handbook of ecotoxicology
First page:
275
Last page:
300