Single paternity of clutches in American Woodcock

Program for the One Hundred and Eighteenth Stated Meeting of the American Ornithologists' Union in conjunction with the 19th Annual Meeting of the Society of Canadian Ornithologists, Societe des Ornithologistes du Canada and the British Ornithologists' Union, August 14-19, 2000. OCLC: 45282415
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Based on behavioral observations, the mating system of American Woodcock has been variously described as monogamous, a dispersed lek, or resource defense polygyny. Males perform elaborate mating displays that attract females to their display sites where copulations occur. We used microsatellite markers, developed for Ruffs (Philomachus pugnax), to assess paternity in American Woodcock. In 3 yr, we collected blood samples from 21 females and broods and 90 males. We found no evidence of multiple paternity within broods; paternity in all broods could be explained by 1 father. For 8 broods, we were able to infer probable fathers from males we sampled in the field. All 8 broods were found close to the singing site of the male or males that matched as possible fathers. Two males may have fathered 2 broods each, suggesting that polygyny may be a component of the woodcock mating system.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Single paternity of clutches in American Woodcock
Year Published 2000
Language English
Publisher Memorial University of Newfoundland
Publisher location St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada
Contributing office(s) Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description 154
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Other Government Series
Larger Work Title Living on the Edge -- Birds 2000: Abstracts
First page 120 abstra