Bone development in black ducks as affected by dietary toxaphene

Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
By: , and 



Black ducks, Anas rubripes, were exposed to dietary toxaphene concentrations of 0, 10, or 50 μg/g of food for 90 days prior to laying and through the reproductive season. Toxaphene did not affect reproduction or survival, but reduced growth and impaired backbone development in ducklings. Collagen, the organic matrix of bone, was decreased significantly in cervical vertebrae of ducklings fed 50 μg/g, and calcium conentrations increased in vertebrae of ducklings fed 10 or 50 μg/g. The effects of toxaphene were observed only in female ducklings. In contrast to effects on vertebrae, toxaphene exposure did not alter tibia development. Toxaphene residues in carcasses of these ducklings averaged slightly less than the dietary levels.
Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Bone development in black ducks as affected by dietary toxaphene
Series title Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
DOI 10.1016/0048-3575(79)90018-X
Volume 10
Issue 2
Year Published 1979
Language English
Contributing office(s) Columbia River Fisheries Program, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description 168-173
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
First page 168
Last page 173
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