Unweathered and weathered aviation kerosine: Chemical characterization and effects on hatching success of duck eggs

Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
By:  and 

Links

Abstract

Unweathered crude and refined oils are known to be very toxic to the embryos of aquatic birds (ALBERS 1977, 19781 SEARO et ale 1978, WHITE et al. 1979, McGILL & RICHMOND 1979, and others) but the toxicity of weathered petroleum is not as well established. The toxicity of Prudhoe Bay crude oil and No. 2 fuel oil to embryos of mallard ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) decreased only after 3 weeks and 2 weeks of weathering on a large container of fresh water (SZARO et al. 1980). Ten microliters (uL) of 4 week-old Libyan crude oil caused a significant increase in mortality among embryos of Louisiana herons (Hydranassa tricolor) but the same amount of fresh oil did not cause a significant increase in mortality. However, embryos of laughing gulls (Larus atricilla) were not significantly affected by I0 uL of 4 or 8 week-old weathered Libyan crude oil nor i0 UL of fresh oil (MACKO& KING 1980). Crude ell (i0 uL) recovered from the water surface (age unknown, but presumably slightly weathered) near the IXTOC-I oil spill site in the Gulf of Mexico did not significantly reduce the survival of mallard embryos by day 18 of incubation (D. HOFFMAN, unpublished data).

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Unweathered and weathered aviation kerosine: Chemical characterization and effects on hatching success of duck eggs
Series title Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
DOI 10.1007/bf01607706
Volume 28
Issue 4
Year Published 1982
Language English
Publisher Springer
Contributing office(s) Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description 5 p.
First page 430
Last page 434
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page