Lead poisoning and other mortality factors in trumpeter swans

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
By: , and 



Lead poisoning and other causes of mortality of trumpeter swans were investigated. Necropsies or Pb concentrations in livers were available for 72 trumpeter swans found dead in seven western states from 1976 to 1987; data from other published and unpublished sources also are summarized. Ingestion of lead artifacts accounted for about 20% of the known mortality of trumpeter swans in the tri-state area of Idaho, Montana and Wyoming, where the population has been declining for several decades.

Study Area

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Lead poisoning and other mortality factors in trumpeter swans
Series title Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
DOI 10.1002/etc.5620080308
Volume 8
Issue 3
Year Published 1989
Language English
Publisher Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Contributing office(s) Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description 9 p.
First page 263
Last page 271
Country United States
Other Geospatial Malheur National Wildlife Refuge, Red Rock Lakes National Wildlife Refuge
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional metadata about this publication, not found in other parts of the page is in this table