Recent trends in counts of migrant hawks from northeastern North America

Journal of Wildlife Management
By:  and 



Using simple regression, pooled-sites route-regression, and nonparametric rank-trend analyses, we evaluated trends in counts of hawks migrating past 6 eastern hawk lookouts from 1972 to 1987. The indexing variable was the total count for a season. Bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus), peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), merlin (F. columbarius), osprey (Pandion haliaetus), and Cooper's hawk (Accipiter cooperii) counts increased using route-regression and nonparametric methods (P < 0.05). Northern harrier (Circus cyaneus) counts increased based on the nonparametric method (P < 0.01) but not the route-regression method (P > 0.10). We found no consistent trends (P > 0.10) in counts of sharp-shinned hawks (A. striatus), northern goshawks (A. gentilis) red-shouldered hawks (Buteo lineatus), red-tailed hawks (B. jamaicensis), rough-legged hawsk (B. lagopus), and American kestrels (F. sparverius). Broad-winged hawk (B. platypterus) counts declined (P < 0.05) based on the route-regression method. Empirical comparisons of our results with those for well-studied species such as the peregrine falcon, bald eagle, and osprey indicated agreement with nesting surveys. We suggest that counts of migrant hawks are a useful and economical method for detecting long-term trends in species across regions, particularly for species that otherwise cannot be easily surveyed.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Recent trends in counts of migrant hawks from northeastern North America
Series title Journal of Wildlife Management
Volume 54
Issue 3
Year Published 1990
Language English
Contributing office(s) Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description 463-470
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Journal of Wildlife Management
First page 463
Last page 470