Anarbys switaki, a species previously known only from Baja California Sur, Mexico, occurs in eastern San Diego and southwestern Imperial Counties in California. In California, specimens tend to have continuous transverse bars on the body, are lighter in color, and more slender in body form than in southern Baja California. California populations appear to be confined to extremely rocky habitats in desert foothill situations between 200 and 600 m. The species appears to be secretive, and occurs in low densities within rock crevices and subterranean cavities. The morphological gap between Anarbylus and Coleonyx species may not warrant generic recognition. Anarbylus is part of a diverse lizard fauna in southern California and occurs in sympatry with 15 lizard species in a small area of southern California.