Local richness along gradients in the Siskiyou herb flora: R. H. Whittaker revisited

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In his classic study in the Siskiyou Mountains (Oregon, USA), one of the most botanically rich forested regions in North America, R. H. Whittaker (1960) foreshadowed many modern ideas on the multivariate control of local species richness along environmental gradients related to productivity. Using a structural equation model to analyze his data, which were never previously statistically analyzed, we demonstrate that Whittaker was remarkably accurate in concluding that local herb richness in these late‐seral forests is explained to a large extent by three major abiotic gradients (soils, topography, and elevation), and in turn, by the effects of these gradients on tree densities and the numbers of individual herbs. However, while Whittaker also clearly appreciated the significance of large‐scale evolutionary and biogeographic influences on community composition, he did not fully articulate the more recent concept that variation in the species richness of local communities could be explained in part by variation in the sizes of regional species pools. Our model of his data is among the first to use estimates of regional species pool size to explain variation in local community richness along productivity‐related gradients. We find that regional pool size, combined with a modest number of other interacting abiotic and biotic factors, explains most of the variation in local herb richness in the Siskiyou biodiversity hotspot.

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Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Local richness along gradients in the Siskiyou herb flora: R. H. Whittaker revisited
Series title Ecology
DOI 10.1890/09-2137.1
Volume 92
Issue 1
Year Published 2011
Language English
Publisher Ecological Society of America
Contributing office(s) National Wetlands Research Center
Description 13 p.
First page 108
Last page 120
Country United States
State Oregon
Other Geospatial Siskiyou Mountains
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