Spatial patch occupancy patterns of the Lower Keys marsh rabbit

Journal of Wildlife Management
By: , and 



Reliable estimates of presence or absence of a species can provide substantial information on management questions related to distribution and habitat use but should incorporate the probability of detection to reduce bias. We surveyed for the endangered Lower Keys marsh rabbit (Sylvilagus palustris hefneri) in habitat patches on 5 Florida Key islands, USA, to estimate occupancy and detection probabilities. We derived detection probabilities using spatial replication of plots and evaluated hypotheses that patch location (coastal or interior) and patch size influence occupancy and detection. Results demonstrate that detection probability, given rabbits were present, was <0.5 and suggest that naïve estimates (i.e., estimates without consideration of imperfect detection) of patch occupancy are negatively biased. We found that patch size and location influenced probability of occupancy but not detection. Our findings will be used by Refuge managers to evaluate population trends of Lower Keys marsh rabbits from historical data and to guide management decisions for species recovery. The sampling and analytical methods we used may be useful for researchers and managers of other endangered lagomorphs and cryptic or fossorial animals occupying diverse habitats.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Spatial patch occupancy patterns of the Lower Keys marsh rabbit
Series title Journal of Wildlife Management
Volume 75
Issue 5
Year Published 2011
Language English
Publisher The Wildlife Society
Publisher location Bethesda, MD
Contributing office(s) Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description 8 p.
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Journal of Wildlife Management
First page 1186
Last page 1193
Country United States
State Florida
Other Geospatial Florida Keys