Landsat 8 on-orbit characterization and calibration system

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Abstract

The Landsat Data Continuity Mission (LDCM) is planning to launch the Landsat 8 satellite in December 2012, which continues an uninterrupted record of consistently calibrated globally acquired multispectral images of the Earth started in 1972. The satellite will carry two imaging sensors: the Operational Land Imager (OLI) and the Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS). The OLI will provide visible, near-infrared and short-wave infrared data in nine spectral bands while the TIRS will acquire thermal infrared data in two bands. Both sensors have a pushbroom design and consequently, each has a large number of detectors to be characterized. Image and calibration data downlinked from the satellite will be processed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center using the Landsat 8 Image Assessment System (IAS), a component of the Ground System. In addition to extracting statistics from all Earth images acquired, the IAS will process and trend results from analysis of special calibration acquisitions, such as solar diffuser, lunar, shutter, night, lamp and blackbody data, and preselected calibration sites. The trended data will be systematically processed and analyzed, and calibration and characterization parameters will be updated using both automatic and customized manual tools. This paper describes the analysis tools and the system developed to monitor and characterize on-orbit performance and calibrate the Landsat 8 sensors and image data products.

Additional publication details

Publication type Conference Paper
Publication Subtype Conference Paper
Title Landsat 8 on-orbit characterization and calibration system
DOI 10.1117/12.896177
Volume 8153
Year Published 2011
Language English
Publisher Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers
Contributing office(s) Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center
Larger Work Type Conference Paper
Larger Work Subtype Conference Paper
Larger Work Title Proceeding of SPIE: Earth Observing Systems XV!
Conference Title Earth Observing Systems XVI
Conference Location San Diego, CA
Conference Date August 23-25, 2011
Country United States
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N