A study of the history of fire and fire impacts on desert plants of Tonto National Monument was made in 1990-1991 by the author. Four major fires and several minor ones have occurred on the monument since 1942, all lightning caused. Twenty photo stations set up after the 1964 Schultz Fire were found and replicate photos made at the rebar-marked sites. Photographic documentation of the impacts of several fires made comparison of vegetation changes over time possible.
Five monitoring plots were established in March and April 1990, representing a variety of vegetation associations in burned and unburned areas. An inventory of plants of the monument was completed in 1964 by Burgess (1965) prior to the first major fire. Comparisons of change across the 26-year span were made during this study. The effects of fire?in some areas multiple fires?were determined and reported on.