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Avian botulism: geographic expansion of a historic disease.

Fish and Wildlife Leaflet 13.2.4

By:
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Abstract

Avian botulism is a paralytic, often fatal disease of birds resulting from ingestion of toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. Waterfowl die-offs from the botulism are usually caused by type C toxin; sporadic die-offs among fish-eating birds, such as common loons (Gavia immer) and gulls, have been caused by type E toxin.

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Additional publication details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
Federal Government Series
Title:
Avian botulism: geographic expansion of a historic disease.
Series title:
Fish and Wildlife Leaflet
Series number:
13.2.4
Year Published:
1989
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Publisher location:
Washington, DC
Contributing office(s):
National Wildlife Health Center
Description:
6 p.
Larger Work Type:
Report
Larger Work Subtype:
Federal Government Series
Larger Work Title:
Waterfowl Management Handbook
Country:
United States of America
Online Only (Y/N):
N
Additional Online Files (Y/N):
N