Stocking, height, and diameter growth, and invasion of both herbaceous and woody plant species are reported for 5 direct seeded and 5 planted seedling stands of bottomland oaks, all of which were between 4 and 8 years old. Stocking was generally higher in the planted seedling stands. Both height and diameter growth were substantially higher in the planted seedling stands. Low stocking and poor growth, especially for the direct seeded stands, was associated with medium-textured soils and a heavy cover of Johnson grass (Sorghum halepense) and goldenrod (Solidago altissima). Invasion of woody species was heavily dominated by light-seeded species, and was highest in stands close to mature trees.