Quercetin as colorimetric reagent for determination of zirconium

Analytical Chemistry
By:  and 



Methods described in the literature for the determination of zirconium are generally designed for relatively large amounts of this element. A good procedure using colorimetric reagent for the determination of trace amounts is desirable. Quercetin has been found to yield a sensitive color reaction with zirconium suitable for the determination of from 0.1 to 50 of zirconium dioxide. The procedure developed involves the separation of zirconium from interfering elements by precipitation with p-dimethylaminoazophenylarsonic acid prior to its estimation with quercetin. The quercetin reaction is carried out in 0.5N hydrochloric acid solution. Under the operating conditions it is indicated that quercetin forms a 2 to 1 complex with zirconium; however, a 2 to 1 and a 1 to 1 complex can coexist under special conditions. Approximate values for the equilibrium constants of the complexes are K1 = 0.33 x 10-5 and K2 = 1.3 x 10-9. Seven Bureau of Standards samples of glass sands and refractories were analyzed with excellent results. The method described should find considerable application in the analysis of minerals and other materials for macro as well as micro amounts of zirconium.

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Quercetin as colorimetric reagent for determination of zirconium
Series title Analytical Chemistry
DOI 10.1021/ac60084a026
Volume 25
Issue 12
Year Published 1953
Language English
Publisher ACS Publications
Description 5 p.
First page 1886
Last page 1890
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